This idea can be illustrated by the example of geometries. In the geometry of Euclid there is a postulate: through one point it is possible to draw a straight line parallel to a given one, and only one. They tried to prove it and failed to prove it. Later, the geometries of Riemann and Lobachevsky were born - the geometries of curved spaces. They did not respect the postulate of parallel lines, and yet they were consistent and described real spaces.
The following will be an illustration (but not an example): imagine a model of the globe - a globe. Take one meridian at the equator (perpendicular to the equator) and imagine another one nearby. They are both perpendicular to the equator, that is, they are parallel in the plane of the equator, but they intersect at the poles (that is, they are not parallel). If you take a parallel near the equator (zero parallel), then they do not intersect, but at each point of the parallel you have a certain sector - you can build a whole bunch - of lines that will pass through a given point, but they will not all cross the equator.
The laws of other, non-Euclidean spaces differ from those established in Euclid's geometry; spaces with these laws are real and equal to those of Euclidean.
Science relies on several undisputed "whales":
a) Objectivity of reality, independence of reality from consciousness.
b) Causal relationships (in general, and in the direction from the past to the future - in particular).
c) Practice is the criterion of truth.
a) If we accept that reality depends on consciousness, then science not only cognizes and reflects reality, but also creates and sculpts it...
b) If we refuse cause-and-effect relationships, then science will have nothing to learn - to establish these relationships - its essence. If we accept that the effect may precede the cause, then in two interconnected events it can never be determined: which of them is the cause, which is the effect.
c) Science is accustomed to checking and rechecking statements in experiments. But how is the correct, best statement selected? - Rechecking in your experience and making sure that the result is the same. What can replace it?
I will not now expand the thesis "reality depends on consciousness", which undoubtedly takes place in psychology (after all, the object of study - reality - is consciousness and subconsciousness itself). I will not expand on the idea of the existence of several types of causal relationships (for example, synchronicity, which Jung writes about, and which psychologists, especially transpersonal ones, often encounter). I'll stick with the TRUTH.
Like the geometries of different spaces, which are based on different postulates, we can talk about spaces of different understandings of TRUTH.
Following the first definition - “practice is a criterion of truth” (what is repeated is right) follows “Truth is an experience” (Rudolf Steiner): this is a different world - it is close to artistic (several different artists can paint the same landscape , their pictures will be different, but each picture will be true).
In this "space" there are no disputes: whose theory or teaching is better? Which doctrine or political decision is correct? – They are all the fruits of different states, different worldviews, different faiths and traditions... The goal in this space is to understand. And to understand is to empathize with the state.
We are accustomed to single out the common (for example, for different religions, traditions, experiences) and take this as the main thing, as the object of study and truth. But, if truth is an experience, then personal experience is especially interesting, and in it there are non-repeating features that distinguish it from everything in common. Here are the truths of holotropic states of consciousness.
At seminars, people often ask me: “Tell me, what was that? Reincarnation? I answer: “How should I know? After all, you were worried. What was that? Reincarnation? Identification?".
The goal is simple, after a while, when a participant in the process comes to terms with the experience, I explain: “while you are looking for an interpretation, you are trying to squeeze your experience into the framework of certain terms and understandings (and your understanding of these terms) - but your experience is individual. To learn to understand it, you need to get used to it, to collect a bank of experiences. Do not rape them, demanding to reveal your meaning. Then they will reveal themselves to you in truth.”
Much more can be said about this space, where truth is experience. In this case, all states of a person - there is information about his interaction with the outside world (as a picture is the fruit of the interaction of the object and the inner world of the artist)...
Another new "space": Truth is Love. In this space, you understand that the act of cognition is also an act of creation (change). Reality depends on the subconscious, the inner faith of a person (as it is familiar to psychologists!). Telling a person something, you change his inner world. Therefore, those (and only those) messages are true that are dictated by a feeling of love. It makes no sense to say something to a person if your goal is to change him, achieve some goal, tell him some truth in the style of stating a fact: you have a lot of fears, you need to get rid of them. - This is not the truth!
“I am the way and the truth and the life” (John 14:6) - says Christ. And that's about this space. After all, further: “8. He who does not love has not known God, because God is love...” “16. God is love, and he who abides in love abides in God, and God in him. (Gospel of John. Chapter 4). And God is also a creator (every second creating reality, like an artist paints a picture). Truth, (divine) Creativity and Love are different facets of one whole!
The important thing here is that truth ceases to be static. You can rely on any myth about the world, its creation, its laws - if it satisfies the criterion of love (freedom, mercy ...) You can, of course, add that God's love is really true - our state of love may not be so perfect - let us remember the old woman "sancta simplicitas", who brought a bundle of firewood to the fire, where Jan Hus was burned.
Today, many people understand how simplified the vision of the world is, in which everything is connected by just one type of cause-and-effect relationships, where the cause precedes the effect. In my experience, I saw about 7 types of different cause-and-effect relationships, and each of them is a reflection of the world, like a two-dimensional triangle and a circle are reflections of a three-dimensional cone. But it is important that these bonds themselves were not set once and for all, but created by faith and love.
Which allows me sometimes to say: “Above the world of cause and effect relationships lies the world of Love”
What are the implications of this information?
I have changed the focus of Holotropic Breathwork training and other transpersonal processes I run. The value for me is not just emerging experiences, but the desire to lead the seminar participants to experiences of love, happiness, God. In The Mystery of Birth, I do not focus on experiencing birth and birth trauma, but on modeling the most favorable birth and the favorable passage of birth matrices. If these are shamanic worlds, then the main one for me is the world of Light, and victory in any world is won by love and mercy. The tool is humor, empathy, self-confidence, intuition, creativity.
In teaching the practical work of psychologists and psychotherapists, various techniques and any coherent theories turn out to be auxiliary - they serve to strengthen the therapist's belief that the processes he is conducting (individual or group) are effective. What is important is the therapist's belief that the processes carried out by him and his focus on helping the client (empathy, love) are the main and sufficient conditions for healing. On the basis of this, another component of the effectiveness of the psychotherapeutic process develops - intuition and creativity.
Another important component of the therapist's work is working with oneself (with one's inner world): both in everyday life and in the therapeutic process. Changing personal states of the therapist during the process - there is information about the state of the therapeutic process and the object of efforts to direct the process in the right direction. The therapist achieves his psychotherapeutic goals by directing his own state towards empathy, acceptance, love.
Training in psychotherapy becomes training in creativity. It should be carried out like the training of artists - in the workshop of one or another master. The teaching tool is the teacher's own spirit.
I do not deny the objective laws of the human psyche, the connection with the hormonal background, with the body. Objectivity and subjectivity (the immutability and changeability of reality and cause-and-effect relationships depending on faith) in this space become similar to how a two-dimensional circle and triangle are reflections of one three-dimensional figure - a cone when viewed from above and from the side.
There is a famous expression "The 21st century will be the century of psychology, or it will not be." It is often interpreted in such a way that it is this area of knowledge that should become the most important for human survival. It seems to me that another interpretation is possible: psychology is a territory where science lends a hand to art. Here is the area of humanization of science, the connection of the objective and the subjective. known and created. Love and impartiality. Science and religion. And a special place in psychology is seen precisely for the transpersonal area!
P.S. To study and describe the language of the psyche, a metalanguage is needed. From the point of view of science, the psyche cannot explore itself, since it cannot contain meta-language - language, above oneself. Therefore, a meaningful study and description of the psyche must include methods that go beyond the scope of science and mathematical logic.
P.P.S. human evolution does not consist in the accumulation of skills and experience or knowledge, but in the change (evolution) of self-identification with something, with someone:
“I am my actions and bank of skills”,
“I am my thoughts, emotions, desires, impulses” (manifestations of the soul),
"I am the bank of my experiences",
“I am the observer of my experiences, which are reflections of the external world”,
“I am what I strive for, what I want to be” (spirit),
“I am Love, Creator, Holiness” (that is, God).
Vladislav Kenga – Association of Transpersonal Psychology of Latvia, International Association of Transpersonal Psychology and Psychotherapy “Saule”. Chairman
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